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日期:2019-08-10 09:00 作者:admin 浏览:3 次 查看评论

AjobseekerfillsupanapplicationformatajobfairinWenxiancounty,Henanprovince.[XuHongxing/ForChinaDaily]Astheeconomyhasenteredintoaphaseofre-balancingfromemergingtomoresustainableandinclusivegrowth,whichiscalledthenewnormal,theChineselabormarketmightalsobefacedwithnewchallenges.Totalpopulationoftheworkingagehasshownnegativegrowthsince2011,whichmeanssupplyanddemandtendstobemorebalanced.Thisnaturallyleadstolesscompetitionwithinthelabormarketingeneral,whilefocusneedstobeonsolvingproblemsofemploymentstructureandfrictionalunemployment.Frictionalunemploymentisanacademicdefinitionmeaningwhenworkersleavetheirjobstofindbetterones.It"susuallyavoluntaryexit,butcanalsooccurfromalayofforterminationwithcause.Thetime,effortandexpensesittakestheworkertofindanewjobiscalledfriction.Whilethisfrictionproblemmightbeamorecommondifficultyamongbothauthoritiesandemployees,withthedeepeningofreformandadjustmentofeconomicstructureprocessingcomprehensively,attentionisneededrelatingtothreeaspectsofemploymentcontradiction:First,withthestructuralreformcontinuing,dealingwithover-capacityindustriesandshuttingdownzombiecompaniesnaturallyleadstoproblemsofstructuralandfrictionalunemploymentforemployeesintheseareas.Forexample,someworkersmightbenotbeabletomeetnewrequirementswhentransferringtonewpositions,letaloneinsomeruralareas,whenpoorerfarmersmaystrugglewiththelackofnecessaryworkskillsorqualifications.Second,forsomepartsofthepopulation,theimprovementofemploymentqualityiscriticallyindemand.Thispopulationreferstoflexibleemployees,especiallymigrantworkers,whichaccountsfor36percentoftotalurbanemployment,butonly40percentofthemhavesignedlaborcontracts.Theycan’tfullyenjoypublicservicesandtheirparticipationinsocialsecurityprogramshavealowrate.Manyofthemhavestrongmotivationtocomebacktoruralareasassoonastheyareover40yearsold.Thisisadangeroussignofurbanization’sreverse,whichwouldfurtherworsenthelaborshortage.Third,newpatternsofemploymentsuchasinformalemploymentareincreasing,whichwouldchallengethetraditionallaborrightsprotectionsystemthatusuallysecurestheserightsbasedontheworkunit.Howtobroadenthebenefitcoverageforinformalemployeesisanissuethatbothersmanycountriesaroundtheworld.Measurestotacklethechallengescanalsobefocusedintothreeareas:First,policiesshouldbebetterformulatedtoachieveadelicatebalancebetweenlabormarketflexibilityandthelaborsecuritysystem.Workersneedtobeencouragedtolearnmoreprofessionalskills,andatthesametimeenterprisesshouldallocatesocialresourcesinthemostefficientway,whichcombinedcanimprovesocialproductivity.Forexample,reformofthehouseholdregistrationsystemshouldbemovedforward,reasonablemeasurescouldbetakentoguidethefarmpopulationflowintocities,whichwoulddefinitelyincreaselaborsupply.InstitutionalimprovementsliketheLaborLawamendmentarealsoneeded,tobetterprotectemployees’rights.Second,measuresinthelongrunshouldbefocusingonhumanresourceeducationandcultivation.Asmanyteenagersusuallytendtogiveupstudyingandenterthelabormarketatveryyoungage,theyaredestinedtostrugglecopingwithemploymentfluctuationinthefuture.Soacomprehensiveeducationalandtrainingsystemcoveringtheentiresocietyandallagerangesisvitallyindemand,especiallytoimproveworkers’innovationandemploymentskills.Third,ononehand,thestructuralreformneedstokeeppushingforward,whileontheotherhand,socialpoliciesneedtobeusedasaguaranteeforresidents’basicstandardofliving.Sothepublicemploymentservicesystemshouldbeimproved,inordertoreducethetimeitcoststheunemployedtofindanotherjob.Andatthesametime,trytobreakinequalityofthecurrentsocialsecuritypublicservicessystem,whicharedividedbyruralandurbanareas,industries,identityandsexuality.Inoneword,alltheresidentscouldbenefitfromthereform’sachievement.Confidencefromthepublicfortheauthoritytotackletheemploymentissueshouldbestrengthened;solidprogresshasbeengraduallyobtainedinrecentyears.In2016,100billionyuanofspecialfundstocompensateemployeesincuttingover-capacityindustrieswereallocatedfromthegovernment,andpoliciesaimedatmakingtheentrepreneurshipenvironmentmorelivelyhavealsoseenfruitfulachievements.WuZheyu’sre-writefromCaiFang’sopinionarticlepublishedonPeople’sDaily.蓝迪为全球发展、“一带一路”国家社会安全、商业合作做出了积极的贡献。李虎将这一空间设计理念称为“23个美术馆”。

数字创意产业和老百姓日常生活密切相关,大家都有手机,都离不开电脑、离不开数字生活方式。如今是升级版,探讨中国越来越强的五个理由。近日,农业部发布《2017年农产品质量安全专项整治方案》,今年将重点开展农药、“瘦肉精”、生鲜乳、兽用抗生素、生猪屠宰、“三鱼两药”、农资打假等7个专项整治行动。

  我对各位国民感到非常抱歉。这固然也是一个气象大家对自己工作严谨的表现,但是我觉得这个同样也是大科学家对于自己的热爱的事业表现出来的浪漫主义,其实并不像大家想的一个专业人士或者是一个科研工作者跟大家离的那么远,并没有。在部门哲学意义上,实践唯物主义作为以实践为核心范畴的存在论、真理论和价值论相统一的“新世界观”,为伦理学、美学、逻辑学和宗教学等哲学二级学科提供了新的解释原则,并引领这些二级学科以实践第一的思维方式把握和阐释伦理关系、审美关系、思维规律和信仰问题,推进了马克思主义伦理学、美学、逻辑学和宗教学的繁荣发展。

  澳采取两手抓、两手都要硬的做法:一方面加强与美国新政府沟通,争取时间,电话门事件后,澳外长毕晓普在美进行高强度公关,最终成功邀请美国副总统4月份访问澳洲;毕晓普在新加坡的讲话,既是澳政客展现政治正确的程式化动作,也是讲给美国老大哥听的表态。美国国家科学基金会去年就称中国研发投入增长“显著”,其创新雄心包括欲在清洁能源等方面领先世界。  可见中国电信的移动服务收入超过了中国联通移动服务收入,并且电信的固移收入比例逐步持平,而中国联通移动服务收入占大头,固网服务收入次于移动服务收入。

(梅青)AvillagerinJing"ancounty,EastChina"sJiangxiprovince,hasbeenawardedanappearancedesignpatentforknittingasuitofarmorusingmorethan8,000coppercoins.[Photo/Chinanews.com]AvillagerinJing"ancounty,EastChina"sJiangxiprovince,hasbeenawardedanappearancedesignpatentforknittingasuitofarmorusingmorethan8,000coppercoins.Thearmor,shininginsunshine,appearsmajestic.It"sflangedwithleatherandcopperrivets,anddecoratedwithaTaiChi-EightDiagramdesignonthefrontaswellasablackwaistband.EightDiagramisalsoknownasBagua,usedinTaoistcosmology.ThearmorisZhangCanjin"ssecondrecentwork.Thefirst,whichtookhimabouttwomonths,hasbeensold."Ididn"tthinkthatIcouldgetanationalpatentwhenIstartedknittingthearmor,"saidZhang,52,wholivesinHuanglongvillage.Hesaidknittingisoneofhisinterests."TheoldcraftwasnotverypopularwhenIwasyoung,anditwasdifficulttofindenoughcoppercoins,"Zhangsaid,addingthathedidnotknitoften."Inancienttimes,coppercoinsrepresentedfortuneandwealth.Linkingthecoppercoinsonebyonehadthepositivemeaningofaccumulatingwealth,"itwasnoted.However,fewpeopleknowthecraftofcoinknittingnowadays.Zhangsaidhehopesmoreyoungpeoplecanlearnandinheritit.  知名营销经理人洪仕斌告诉记者:“联想已经错过了抢占运营商渠道的最佳时间。

  路透社评论说,自从总统杜特尔特去年上任以来,在南海争端中一改以往的强硬态度,转而向北京频频示好。  中新社发韦亮摄药品价格更便宜——取消药品加成实施“阳光采购”此次北京医改的另一大变化将体现在药品价格上。中国稳世界稳,中国行世界行,中国进世界进。

中国的第三艘航母也正在上海建造中。  经合组织秘书长安赫尔·古里亚(AngelGurría)表示,“增长仍然太弱,增长红利过于狭隘,以至于不能为深受危机重创以及正在落于发展之后的人们带来真正意义上的变革。按照常理,朴槿惠肯定有问题,至少多少有点问题。

Athousand-year-oldpagodainCentralChina"sHenanprovincehasstartedonitslargest-scalerenovationsince1949,saidlocalofficialsonTuesday.Thenine-storyoctangularpagoda,intheWuhuaTempleofYiyangcountyinLuoyangcity,stands37.2meterstallandfeaturescarvingsofbuddhasandgiants.AccordingtotheYiyangcountyannals,thepagodawasbuiltintheSongDynasty(960-1279),butsomeoftheconstructionmaterialsdatefromtheTangDynasty(618-907).Overtime,theotherpartsofthetemplecomplexweredestroyed,leavingjusttheWuhuaTemple.Thepagodahasalsotiltedoverthecenturies,leadinglocalstojokinglycallit"Luoyang"sTowerofPisa"."Duetothelackofrepair,itwasleaning,andsomeofthestonesweremissingorweatheredaway,"saidHuoXiaofeng,headoftheculturalrelicsmanagementofficeofYiyang."Theroofeavesespeciallywereseriouslydamaged."Therenovationisexpectedtobecompletedattheendoftheyear.Afterbeingabsentfor23years,ZixiaFairy,aclassicrolefromHongKongmovieAChineseOdysseyPartTwo:Cinderella,hasreturnedtothespotlightonthetalentshowTrumpCard.ActressAthenaChu,whostarredasZixiaFairyintheoriginalfilm,hasdugoutheroldcostumefortherealityshow.ThereappearanceofZixiaFairyhasdelightedviewersoftheshow.ItisnotanexaggerationtosayAChineseOdysseyPartTwo:CinderellamarkedamilestoneinChinesemoviehistory.Itrankssecondhighestwithascoreof9.1amongChinesefilmsonDoubanMovie,theChineseversionofIMDb.Someviewerssayitisjustasimplecomedy,whileothersbelievethatbehindthefunnydialoguesareasenseofsarcasm.Inthefilm,ZixiaFairyisamemorableroleformanymovie-goersthankstohersimpleyetbravecharacteristics.Sheisawomanwhodarestolove.Sheenjoysapuresoulanddecidestofindhertruelovethroughthebelief:"ThemanwhohasthepowertotakethemagicalswordfromherhandwillbeherMrRight."Sheisawomanwhodarestohate.ShefirmlydeniesthepassionatelovepursuitofKingBull.Shewouldratherdiethanbendovertoamanshehasnofeelingsfor.Sheisaseeminglysillywoman.AfterfindingoutherMrRightMonkeyKingcheatedofherfeelings,shestillshelpshimovercomemanydifficulties.Shemayhaveflaws,butsheisthebestexampleofalovebelieverandloyalist.其股价过山车般的走势,由此,也吸引了不少A股投资者的瞩目。

中国社会科学院国际合作局局长、中国社会科学院蓝迪国际智库项目办公室主任王镭主持新书发布会。参会嘉宾就这两个话题,结合广东当地的市场特色和风险管理现状进行了热烈探讨。”  陈宇莹甚至认为,如果真的采取这样的细则,是不会有风投资本再跟进的。

随后,新大地财务造假案真相大白,作为保荐机构的南京证券向证监会提交了终止发行上市申请。他说:中国鱼子酱的价格每千克低于20美元。时常去中国走走,见证中国的迅猛发展是件令人激动的事。

人们不禁要问,在这波抢人潮中,高校到底抢的是人才还是这些人拥有的头衔?全国政协委员、北京交通大学教授钟章队在今年两会上表示,目前高校的“挖人”行为,其实在很大程度上就是在“挖头衔”。  数值模拟用于识别精子周围液体的流动速度,但由于流体结构非常复杂,对采集到的数据进行理解并使用非常困难。Athousand-year-oldpagodainCentralChina"sHenanprovincehasstartedonitslargest-scalerenovationsince1949,saidlocalofficialsonTuesday.Thenine-storyoctangularpagoda,intheWuhuaTempleofYiyangcountyinLuoyangcity,stands37.2meterstallandfeaturescarvingsofbuddhasandgiants.AccordingtotheYiyangcountyannals,thepagodawasbuiltintheSongDynasty(960-1279),butsomeoftheconstructionmaterialsdatefromtheTangDynasty(618-907).Overtime,theotherpartsofthetemplecomplexweredestroyed,leavingjusttheWuhuaTemple.Thepagodahasalsotiltedoverthecenturies,leadinglocalstojokinglycallit"Luoyang"sTowerofPisa"."Duetothelackofrepair,itwasleaning,andsomeofthestonesweremissingorweatheredaway,"saidHuoXiaofeng,headoftheculturalrelicsmanagementofficeofYiyang."Theroofeavesespeciallywereseriouslydamaged."Therenovationisexpectedtobecompletedattheendoftheyear.

丘吉尔曾经说过:我宁愿失去一个印度也不愿意失去莎士比亚。此外,美国国立卫生研究院发现,减少卡路里摄入量可降压减脂,有益延长寿命。现在有些企业已经投放了10多万辆,团队一共只有50个人,等于说没有这个管理。

为啥有这么多政协委员关注人们尤其是年轻人的睡眠问题?因为失眠真的很恐怖。起飞、会合、编队,一切照旧,老常又一次进入了预对接位置。根据以往经验,谨慎心态之下,机构会加强流动性管理,提前囤积资金,这种做法虽可能导致资金面压力提前出现,但有助于降低风险释放时的冲击。

  前几天,当我跟朋友们说,要去参加一个国际学术会议的时候,他们第一时间的反应大都是,什么,你这个时候还要去韩国?但至于为什么不能去,似乎大家都很清楚,也许只是一种感觉吧。在很多领域,中国都积累了大量可以分享的成功经验,比如农业和制造业领域的发展等。  知名营销经理人洪仕斌告诉记者:“联想已经错过了抢占运营商渠道的最佳时间。

安倍的任期有限,2018年就将到期,即使安倍“三进宫”,任期也只能到2021年。习近平强调,中国同中东国家联系越来越紧密。他在参加小组讨论时提出,切实发挥这些创业园的孵化扶持作用,合理规划台湾青年创业基地的规模和增量,充分论证精心筹划,为台湾青年在大陆就业创业提供切实对口的服务工作。

可用艾草6克,小茴香、干姜各3~5克。其中,中部战区司令部驻地为北京市,中部战区陆军机关驻地在河北省石家庄市,史鲁泽少将为中部战区陆军首任司令员,吴社洲中将为中部战区陆军首任政委。,thetravelplanningandbookingwebsite,hasnamedBaliastheglobalwinnerofits2017TravelersChoiceAwardsfordestinations.Wereexcitedtorevealourcommunitysfavoritetraveldestinationsfor2017andrecognizetheseiconicplaceswithTravelersChoiceawards,saidBarbaraMessing,chiefmarketingofficerforTripAdvisorina.Awardwinnersweredeterminedusinganalgorithmthattookintoaccountthequantityandqualityofreviewsandratingsforhotels,restaurantsandattractionsacrossdestinationsworldwide,gatheredovera12-monthperiod.Theawardshonor418outstandingdestinationsin24listsacrosstheglobe.(Readalso:)NewYorkCity,meanwhile,ranksnumberoneintheUSfortheseventhconsecutiveyear.HereisthecompleteoftravelersdestinationchoiceaccordingtoTripAdvisor:

他原本抱着看热闹的心态收看中央电视台“3·15”晚会,可还没看到一半,他的心就凉了半截。  乔良将军强调,我们今天谈这类敏感问题的时候,实际上我们已经意识到真正起到的作用不是战略缓冲作用,有别的作用。TheInternationalTelecommunicationUnionhasadoptedChina"snationalstandardformobiledevices"animationasaninternationalcriterion.It"sChina"sfirsttechnologicalstandardinaculturalfieldtobeadoptedinternationally,theMinistryofCulturesaidatanewsconferenceonMonday.ThestandardnumberT.621hasbeenusedbyover1,000mobile-deviceanimationoperatorsinChina.Thiscreatesuniformedformatsandtechnicalmethodsforrunningcontentnationwide.BeijingUniversityofPostsandTelecommunicationsprofessorChenHongsaysthestandardsavescontentoperatorsenergyintermsoftransformationamongdifferentformats.Itgivesthemmoretimetocreatenewcontentandfacilitatesthecirculationofnewproduction.HeaddsthattheinternationalizationofChina"snationalstandardwillhelpChinesehardwaremanufacturersgooverseas.YuQun,anassistanttotheMinisterofCulture,saysthestandard"spromotionwillfirstfocusonBeltandRoadInitiativecountries.It"llgraduallyspreadtotheAmericasandEurope.HealsosaysChinawilldevelopmoreinternationaltechnologicalstandardsrelatedtotheculturalsphere.Related:

  昨日,中国电信发布2016年财报,建议派发末期息每股0.105港元(约人民币0.093元),较过去3年增幅10.5%。Havingasoundsleepthroughhypnosis编者按:2017年是张思娜成为催眠师的第9个年头。习近平强调,中国同中东国家联系越来越紧密。

她觉得,在这样一个气候宜人、生活节奏慢的小城市生活,似乎也很好。他的《五小时》(1993,4张彩色摄影灯箱,尺寸可变)、《街景》系列(1998-1999,彩色摄影,尺寸可变)都在展览中得到展出。经过两年不懈的努力,最终于1月27日获得国际电信联盟审议通过,经公示后于3月16日正式公布。

从目前情况看,对第一、第三问的解读,市场观点比较一致。试飞现场欢腾了。坊间流传,目前在大学间,定价水平大约为:“长江”“杰青”学者“年薪100万元+1套住房+2000万元科研启动经费”。

”中国军事科学院外国军事研究部研究员江新凤对本报记者分析称。”  小蓝单车之所以布局海外市场和公司创始团队基因有很大关系,李刚此前在美国有2年咨询经验,其他成员也有海外背景,“公司在做共享单车以前的业务也是以海外市场为主,我觉得我们出海是顺理成章。国家旅游局相关负责人表示,全域旅游工作开展以来,大家明显感受到地方党委、政府对旅游业的认识发生了重大变化,并在综合管理体制、现代旅游治理机制等方面取得了重要进展,影响和制约旅游业发展的“老大难”问题也正在逐步解决。

  吉尔莫德尔托罗  吉尔莫德尔托罗是电影《潘神的迷宫》导演,这部电影广受好评,所以假如GuillermoDelToro拍摄虚拟现实电影,可能很多人会觉得有些大材小用。SeniorDigitalEditorJobDescription:1.Reviewcopyandcorrecterrorsincontent,grammar,andpunctuation,followingprescribededitorialstyleandformatguidelines.2.Ensurethatallcopy,includingheadlines,summariesandgraphics,aresharp,currentandultra-cleanacrossallonlineplatforms,fromtheChinaDailywebsitetomobileapps.3.Buildandmanageanefficienteditorialprocessincludingtime-lines,qualitycontrol,photos,illustrationslayout.4.KeepabreastofthelatestdevelopmentsinChinaandfocusonemergingorhottopics.5.Helpbuildaudienceandreach,includingdevelopingstrategiestobestsharecontentonsocialmedia.6.WorkwithChineseeditorsandreportersonresearching,reportingandcraftingarticleswithaneyetowardoverallwritingfluency.7.ParticipateinshapingthevisionforChinaDailyWebsiteoperationsinacreative,ambitiousandopenenvironment.以新发展理念探索和回答发展中的重大理论问题和重大实践问题,为实践唯物主义开辟了广阔的理论空间,要求我们深入研究新发展理念的内在逻辑与方法论意义,明晰贯彻落实新发展理念与体现社会主义本质要求、培育和弘扬社会主义核心价值观、构建人类命运共同体、促进人的全面发展、创建人类文明新形态之间的内在关系。

“女人药”2:养颜常用玫瑰花古人多以“面若桃花”来形容女性容颜,拥有好气色是所有女性的不懈追求,但有些人却面容憔悴、脸色发黄,没有光泽,变得黯然失色。大家表示,要把习近平总书记对新疆的亲切关怀化作实现边疆社会稳定和长治久安总目标的强劲动力,让党中央治疆方略、决策部署在全疆落地生根、开花结果。“十三五”时期,要坚持保护为主、保用结合,坚持创造性转化和创新性发展,找准历史和现实的结合点,深入挖掘文物资源所蕴含的价值理念、道德规范、治国智慧。

窍门高腰超模穿搭高跟鞋裸色高跟鞋穿衣增高鞋子  “救急”可期资金面紧日子未完  度过异常紧张的周一之后,周二,借资金、平头寸依然是银行间市场的主旋律。  “金融理财是比较专业的领域,又是在网上进行,一般的理财者不具备专业知识,所以在所谓的中介、平台违规操作进行诱骗的时候,用户很难识别真假。

但目前仍无法获知这笔投资的具体情况,例如腾讯获得的股权,以及两家公司是否会在后续有更多合作。RidersscanofobikesinXi"an,Shaanxiprovince.Thebike-hirestartupisexperimentingwithadepositwaiversystemforusersinShanghaiandmayextendtheservicetoothercitiesinthecountry.[Photo/ChinaDaily]INWHATISBELIEVEDTOBEthecountry"sfirstcourtcaseagainstacompanyofferingashared-bicycleservice,a31-year-oldBeijingcitizenissuingOfo,oneofthecountry"sleadingbike-sharingcompanies,asheclaimsthathewasinjuredduetoafaultybikeherentedtwomonthsago,GuangzhouDailycommentedonTuesday:TheplaintiffclaimsthatOfoisresponsibleforinsufficientmaintenance,asheallegesthebrakesonthebikehehiredwerefaulty.Heisclaiming20,000yuan($2,900)ascompensationtocoverhismedicaltreatment,mentaldistressandtransportationcosts.Heisnotthefirstridertosolicitcompensationfrombike-sharingoperatorsinthecountryonthegroundsthatthebikestheyusedwerenotwellmaintained.Albeitmostclaimants"requestswereansweredandproperlydealtwithbythecompaniesconcerned,aroutineapproachtosituationslikethisisstillmissing.Accidentsinvolvingsharingbikes,whichhavebecomeverypopularinlessthanayear,willinevitablyincreaseasmorepeopleusethem.Thatwarrantsatailoredaccountabilitymechanismwhenitcomestotherespectiveresponsibilitiesofbothusersandthebike-sharingserviceproviders.Thebusinessmodelofstation-lessbikesisdesignedtohelpurbancommuterstravelthe"lastmile"moreefficiently.Toprotectusers"legalinterests,ensuringtheirbikesareinsatisfactoryconditionistheleastthebikeproviderscando.Admittedly,bigplayerssuchasMobikeandOfoarecoveredbyinsuranceandtheypledgetocompensateridersforanyinjuriesincurredwhileusingthebikes.Compensationisalsoavailableforpeopleinjuredbythoseusingthebikes.Sucheffortsarepraiseworthy,butnotenough.Theyshouldbeinstitutionalizedandstreamlinedinthewayinsuranceiscompulsoryforallvehicles.Bike-sharingserviceproviders,too,needlegalprotectionbecausetheyareatriskofbeingblackmailedbyunscrupuloususerswillingtogotogreatlengthstobecompensated.元培教育科学研究院副院长洪文在接受记者采访时表示,东部高校在薪资待遇、发展空间、学科平台方面有很大的竞争优势。

”在此基础上,他创立了“沙袋经络动态循环疏通法”,据了解,该疗法的关键在于“三力合一”。民法总则的颁布标志着中国民法典时代的真正到来,中国人民一直以来的孜孜追求终于有望成真。产地涵盖栃木县的“卡乐比”麦片,被这一政策拒之门外。

可谁都想不到的是,柏老切胃手术后只休息了一个多月,就坚持要回来开诊,原因是停诊期间有很多的病人找他。  对同一套房屋,开发企业调高备案价格幅度超过本通知实施前最后一次备案价格5%(含)的(实施前未备案的,以首次备案价格计),发改部门可暂不办理房价备案,房管部门可暂不予以办理网签系统录入房价的变更。吴哥王朝对中南半岛几乎所有国家都产生了重大影响,并奠定了在中南半岛诸国的文字和宗教的基础。

KwabenaBoahen,aprofessorofbioengineeringandofelectricalengineeringatStanfordUniversity,hasenvisionedanewgenerationofcomputerstobebrainlike,orneuromorphic,machinesthatarevastlymoreefficientthantheconventionaldigitalcomputers.Asconventionalcomputerchipsarenotuptothechallengesposedbynext-generationautonomousdronesandmedicalimplants,"wehavereachedthepointwhereweneedtodosomethingdifferent",saysBoahen,alsoamemberofStanfordBio-XandtheStanfordNeurosciencesInstitute."Ourlab"sthreedecadesofexperiencehasputusinapositionwherewecandosomethingdifferent,somethingcompetitive."Moore"slaw,anobservationmadebyIntelCorpco-founderGordonMoorein1965,hasheldupprettywellforfivedecades:Roughlyeverytwoyears,thenumberoftransistorsonecouldfitonachipdoubled,allwhilecostssteadilydeclined.However,transistorsandotherelectroniccomponentsaresosmalltheyarebeginningtobumpupagainstfundamentalphysicallimitsontheirsize.Andthereareneedsforcomputingtobeeverfaster,cheaperandmoreefficient.InthelatestissueofComputinginScienceandEngineering,Boahensaysthatthefutureisnow.Hesaysthatwhileothershavebuiltbrain-inspiredcomputers,hewasquotedinanewsreleasesayingthatheandhiscollaboratorshavedevelopedafive-pointprospectusforhowtobuildneuromorphiccomputersthatdirectlymimicinsiliconwhatthebraindoesinfleshandblood.Thefirsttwopointsoftheprospectusconcernneuronsthemselves,whichunlikecomputersoperateinamixofdigitalandanalogmodes.Intheirdigitalmode,neuronssenddiscrete,all-or-nothingsignalsintheformofelectricalspikes,akintotheonesandzeroesofdigitalcomputers.Buttheyprocessincomingsignalsbyaddingthemallupandfiringonlyonceathresholdisreached-moreakintoadialthanaswitch.ThatobservationledBoahentotryusingtransistorsinamixeddigital-analogmode.Doingso,itturnsout,makeschipsbothmoreenergyefficientandmorerobustwhenthecomponentsdofail,asabout4percentofthesmallesttransistorsareexpectedtodo.Fromthere,Boahenbuildsonneurons"hierarchicalorganization,distributedcomputationandfeedbackloopstocreateavisionofanevenmoreenergyefficient,powerfulandrobustneuromorphiccomputer.Overthelast30years,Boahen"slabhasimplementedmostofitsideasinphysicaldevices,includingNeurogrid,oneofthefirsttrulyneuromorphiccomputers.But,inanothertwoorthreeyears,Boahensays,heexpectshisteamwillhavedesignedandbuiltcomputersimplementingalloftheprospectus"fivepoints."It"scomplementary,"Boahensays,addingthat"it"snotgoingtoreplacecurrentcomputers".Butasmostpersonalcomputersoperatenowherenearthelimitsofconventionalchips,neuromorphiccomputerswouldbemostusefulinembeddedsystemsthathaveextremelytightenergyrequirements,suchasverylow-powerneuralimplantsoron-boardcomputersinautonomousdrones.  值得注意的是,中国电信宣布派息增加后,股价却不涨反跌,截至收盘报3.7元,跌1.05%。“日本这次又找了一个很牵强的理由,归根结底还是幻想和南海周边某些国家勾连,再来一场像去年所谓南海仲裁案那样的闹剧。

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